Critical Care Nurses (ICU/CCU) provide care to acutely and critically ill patients, in a highly technical and ongoing monitoring environment. These patients are facing life-threatening problems with varying needs, which require extensive medication protocols and therapies. Critical Care Nurses face the additional responsibility for the emotional and psychosocial health of the patient, family and significant others.
Critical Care Nurses (ICU/CCU) provides direct and individualized nursing care to patients based on the application of scientific nursing principles. In addition to general nursing care, responsibilities of Critical Care Nurses include (but are not limited to):
- Perform approved therapeutic or diagnostic procedures based upon patients’ clinical status.
- Evaluate patients’ vital signs, intake output, and laboratory data to determine emergency intervention needs. Observe and report immediately to the Doctor-on-duty changes and deteriorating in general condition
- Administer blood and blood products, monitoring patients for signs and symptoms related to transfusion reactions.
- Administer medications correctly and timely as prescribed.
- Set up and monitor medical equipment and devices such as cardiac monitors, mechanical ventilators and alarms, oxygen delivery devices, transducers.
- Assess patients’ pain levels and sedation requirements.
- Assess patients’ psychosocial status and needs including areas such as sleep patterns, anxiety, grief, anger, and support systems.
- Prioritize nursing care for critically ill patients based on assessment data and identified needs.
- Identify and report malfunctioning equipment or devices.
- Assess family adaptation levels and coping skills to determine whether intervention is needed.
- Participate in professional organizations and continuing education to improve practice knowledge and skills.
- Adhere to laid down policies and procedures on bedside etiquette.
- Consults and coordinates with health care team members to assess, plan, implement and evaluate patient care plans
- Prepares and administers (orally, subcutaneously, through an IV) and records prescribed medications.
- Reports adverse reactions to medications or treatments in accordance with the policy regarding the administration of medications by a licensed registered nurse
- Initiates patient education plan, as prescribed by physician. Teaches patients and significant others how to manage their illness/injury, by explaining: post-treatment home care needs, diet/nutrition/exercise programs, self-administration of medication and rehabilitation
- Records patients’ medical information and vital signs
- Orders, interprets and evaluates diagnostic tests to identify and assess patient’s condition
- Takes samples for lab work, orders prescribed lab work and evaluates/interprets lab reports
- Prepares equipment and aids physician during examination and treatment of patient Responds to life-saving situations based upon nursing standards and protocol
- Records all care information concisely, accurately and completely, in a timely manner,
- in the appropriate format and on the appropriate forms
- Applies Hemodynamic, Phlebotomy and IV protocols
- Monitors and adjusts specialized equipment used on patients, and interprets and
- records electronic displays, such as intracranial pressures, central venous pressures, pulmonary artery pressures, and cardiac rhythms from cardiac monitors, respirators, ventilators, manometers, oxygen pumps, etc.
- Monitors catheters, leads and tubing for proper placement and functioning
- Initiates corrective action whenever information from monitoring/life support equipment shows adverse symptomatology
- Acts as patient advocate by supporting the basic rights, values and beliefs of the patient Communicates to family/significant others appropriate information on patient’s condition
- Direct care provided by enrolled nurses and nursing aides
- Float among various clinical services, where qualified and competent
- Performs other position-related duties as assigned, depending on assignment setting
- Minimum of five (5) years’ experience as a Registered Nurse in the Intensive Care Unit is required
- Strong organisational skills
- Strong oral and written communication skills
- Ability to speak and write in English is required
- Bachelor’s degree in Nursing
- Current national license is required
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